Overall, 36.8% of FOTEP participants returned to prison within 12 months of FOTEP discharge.
Table 3 shows the hazard rates and associated confidence intervals from the survival analysis on RTP at 12 months following discharge from FOTEP. There is a direct linear relationship between time in treatment and risk of RTP, with increasing amounts of time in treatment associated with decreasing risk of RTP.
Individuals who completed FOTEP treatment were about 80% less likely to return to prison within 12 months as compared with noncompleters (CI: 0.13, 0.28; p < .0001).
Although a majority of the in-prison survey participants intended to go to aftercare upon their parole, only about one third indicated their interest in going into FOTEP, where needed employment, vocational, parenting, and health-related services are provided.
In prior evaluation studies, focus groups conducted with FOTEP participants indicated that some women who are eligible to participate in the aftercare program may decline because of compelling family commitments, a desire to return to a job or relationship, or because they do not want to continue to be in a confined environment following their release from prison (Grella 2008).
Findings from the recidivism analysis supported the study hypothesis regarding effects of FOTEP treatment participation on reduced risk of recidivism.
An important consideration in interpreting these findings is self-selection bias, in which those participants who entered into FOTEP aftercare, and who completed or stayed longer, may be more likely to succeed on parole, independent of the possible beneficial effects of treatment.
Female Offender Treatment and Employment Project (FOTEP): Annual Evaluation Report, FY 2006-2007 Report submitted to the California Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation (Contract No.