This led to a spilt in the FRODEBU party and the formation of the National Council of the Defence of Democracy (CNDD).
The transitional government was inaugurated in November 2001 and Pierre Buyoya of the Union pour le Progres national (UPRONA) became president and Domitien Ndayizeye (FRODEBU) vice president, they would then swop positions.
Burundi's first Hutu president, Melchior Ndadaye, of the Hutu-dominated FRODEBU
Party, was elected in 1993.
By Saturday morning, a picture is emerging that puts former rebel group CNDD-FDD in the lead with FRODEBU runner-up.
FRODEBU (Front for Democracy) traditional Hutu party, leader is the current interim President of Burundi Domitien Ndayizeye
Burundi Democratic Front (FRODEBU) (Hutu-dominated).
(1) The former president left the residence after several months and became politically active as one of the leaders of Frodebu.
The government and its partner, the pro-Hutu Frodebu
party, say sanctions should be lifted now that talks with rebel groups have started in Arusha, north Tanzania, and argues that sanctions hurt the people most.
For instance, the former ruling Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU
), which was toppled by Buyoya on July 25 1996 - three years after it won the country's first democratic elections - is pro-Nyerere while the Union for National Progress (UPRONA), the main opposition until its alliance with FRODEBU
in 1994, believes otherwise.
The main Hutu political party, FRODEBU
, which prior to the coup had condemned Hutu rebel violence, now has threatened to embrace and support it.(65) No negotiations have taken place nor are any contemplated.(66)
But Ndadaye's Frodebu
government included at top leadership levels a nearly equal number of Hutus and Tutsis, as did the former ruling party, which Ndadaye defeated in June elections.
Political parties: Multi-party system consisting of 21 registered political parties, of which CNDD (the National Council for the Defense of Democracy, Hutu), FRODEBU
(the Front for Democracy in Burundi, predominantly Hutu with some Tutsi membership), and UPRONA (the National Unity and Progress Party, predominantly Tutsi with some Hutu membership) are national, mainstream parties.