Patients with evidence of a previous stroke were excluded based on stroke codes being present in the PTF, outpatient care files, extended care file, or FSOD the year preceding the index hospitalization admission date.
Abbreviations: CARF = Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities, CI = confidence interval, FIM = Functional Independence Measure, FSOD = Functional Status Outcomes Database, GEE = general estimating equation, ICD-9CM = International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification, ICU = intensive care unit, IRF = inpatient rehabilitation facility, OR = odds ratio, PAC = postacute care, PM&R = physical medicine and rehabilitation, PTF = patient treatment file, SD = standard deviation, SRU = specialized rehabilitation unit, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs, VAMC = Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, VHA = Veterans Health Administration.
A veteran was defined as having hospital-based rehabilitation if any of the following were true: (1) an FSOD
record indicated acute or continuum care; (2) the discharge bed section code following the index inpatient stay indicated a VHA non-nursing home admission to a hospital unit for rehabilitation medicine, geriatric evaluation and management (GEM) rehabilitation, or rehabilitation medicine observation; or (3) a hospital admission followed the index admission and was associated with a principal diagnosis of V57.xx (care involving use of rehabilitation procedures).
Abbreviations: ADL = activity of daily living, FY = fiscal year, FSOD
= Functional Status Outcomes Database, SES = socioeconomic status, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs, VHA = Veterans Health Administration.
Abbreviations: ADL = activities of daily living, CTT = classical test theory, DIF = differential item functioning, FIM = Functional Independence Measure, FSOD
= Functional Status and Outcomes Database, IRT = item response theory, MDS = Minimum Data Set, MDS-PAC = MDS-Post Acute Care, PECS = Patient Evaluation Conference System, SD = standard deviation, UDSMR = Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs, VAMC = VA medical center, VHA = Veterans Health Administration.