Current smokers, baseline clinical and smoking characteristics (n=81) Media (SD) HAM-A 13.6 10.4 COBRA 13.0 9.5 Self-reported CPD 18.1 11.2 FTND
4.9 2.6 Willingness to quit tobacco smoking 6.2 3.4 Self-perceived capacity to quit tobacco smoking 4.7 3.1 RTC 1 53.3 25.9 RTC 2 59.3 25.9 RTC 2-1 7.1 22.5 Number of attempts 2.7 2.5 Mean duration of attempts in months 11.9 21.4 Note.
scores of the students were found as 3.29[+ or -]2.67 (min:0, max:9) and according to the cutting point of the scale, 56.4% of the students had low, 30.9% had moderate, 12.7% had high-level dependence of smoking.
Univariate statistics (Pearson correlation and ANOVA) were used to examine if variables in Table 1 were associated with smoking rate (self-reported number of cigarettes in the past 7 days) and FTND
. Variables associated with smoking rate or FTND
(p <.05) from these analyses were included in separate multiple linear regression models in order to focus on them as distinct measures of smoking behavior.
They were categorised by specific baseline characteristics, including age, sex, age at smoking initiation, cigarette consumption per day, nicotine dependence as measured by the FTND
and motivation for continued smoking using the reinforcement assessment, and were followed up until weeks 12 and 24.
Smokers were then given the FTND
followed by the MCQ, while non-smokers were directed to the MCQ.
Researchers interviewed and then surveyed patients with the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND
) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) Short Form.
Nicotine dependence was measured at baseline using the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND
Assessing nicotine dependence: a comparison of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) with the Fagerstrom test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND
) in a clinical sample.
The existing scales Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND
) and Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire (GNSBQ) determine the physical and behavioral dependence to smoking, respectively, but not for vaping, so we decided to re-modify these scales for physical and behavioral dependence to vaping, respectively.
e) Fagerstrom's Nicotine Dependence (FTND
): a 6-item measure of nicotine physical dependence level.
jest rowniez rekomendowany w dokumencie "Konsensus Rady Redakcyjnej Polskiego Forum Profilaktyki Chorob Ukladu Krazenia dotyczacy palenia tytoniu" .