The second section outlines the background of the case study, describing the size and the distribution of the Slovenophones in FVG and assesses
The fourth section investigates the extent to which major changes, which have occurred since the 1990s, have affected opportunities and constraints for the Slovenophones in FVG and majority/minority relations.
The analysis developed throughout the whole report argues that the high heterogeneity of the Slovenophone minority in FVG has led to different patterns of mobilisation and to a dynamic process of social and identity construction and self-perception.
Contested numbers: the presence and the distribution of the Slovenophones in FVG
The Slovenophone population living in FVG is not a homogeneous community.
The degeneration of the Italo-sloveno frontier during WWII into a genocide area is still perceived as a main factor of identification and as a shared common memory by the whole Slovenophone community living in FVG.
This different historical legacy has also led to a different mobilisation process of the Slovenophone community in FVG.
In 1976 a strong earthquake hit FVG with disastrous consequences in the area of the Natisone valley.
Acknowledging that the eastern border of FVG has always been a transnational zone, some interviewees denounced the revisionist tendency to rewrite the history of the area in national terms which has also been fueled by Slovenia's independence (R.
From WWII to nowadays, the Slovenian community in FVG has been represented in the local institutions at municipal and regional level.
The history of the political representation of the Slovenians in FVG has always been linked to the history of Italian political parties, as the majority of the community is not politically represented by SSK (the only ethnic-Slovenian party in Italy) but by Slovenophone politicians who have chosen to be members of left-wing Italian parties (Sussi 2002).
From WWII up to the 1990s, the SSK representing the 'white' Slovenophones in FVG had been allied with the ruling Christian Democrats both at the national and at the regional level, while 'red' Slovenophones belonged to opposition parties (with the only exception being the so called pentapartito phase in the 1980s during which the Socialist party was part of the Italian ruling coalition).