A recent study of 209 reported foodborne disease outbreaks (FBDOs) in the Philippines showed that food service eating facilities and home-prepared food were more prone to outbreak occurrences.
Maria Patricia Azanza of the Department of Food Science, College of Home Economics at the University of the Philippines (UP), conducted a secondary archival data analyses on reported FBDOs, covering reports between 2005 and June 2018.
What explains the high occurrence of FBDOs under the institutionally prepared category could be "the fact that these establishments cater to large number of consumers, which in turn increases the probability of FBDOs occurrence and likelihood to attract more media attention and reports."
Results indicated that hospitalization and death were more likely to be associated with a multistate FBDO than an interstate one (hospitalization: p < .001, log odds ratio [logOR] = 1.206; death: p < .05, logOR = 1.284).
The growing burden of FBDO due to contaminated fresh produce: Risks and opportunities.
TABLE 1 Summary of All Foodborne Disease Outbreak (FBDO) Outcomes, 1998-2007 FBDO Outcome Intra- Multi- Significance Cl (a) (95%) state state Average Average (Two- Lower Upper Tailed)* Total 38.808 74.075 0.00 -61.739 -20.795 illnesses Total 1.5043 14.113 0.00 -17.934 -7.282 hospitalizations Total deaths 0.0276 0.8261 0.024 -1.490 -0.107 (a) Cl = Confidence interval.
An FBDO is defined as the occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ingestion of a food in common.
The majority (85%) of Florida's FBDOs were "small" outbreaks involving fewer than 10 cases per FBDO, compared to 57.3% of U.S.
Public health departments are responsible for detecting, managing, and preventing foodborne disease outbreaks (FBDOs).
PCCs provide a new source of real-time data that might help improve surveillance for FBDOs, which are characterized by illness attributable to a common food or water source among two or more persons (12).
State, local, and territorial health departments voluntarily submit reports of FBDOs using a web-based standard form to the electronic Foodborne Outbreak Reporting System (eFORS).
During 2006, public health officials reported a total of 1,270 FBDOs from 48 states.