Finally, higher expenditure on education and improvements in rural infrastructure should continue to boost the current low female labor force participation
rates by enhancing job prospects, reducing the time spent on domestic tasks, and increasing safety.
Still, a number of issues remain, such as a high share of informal employment, high youth unemployment, a high share of long-term unemployment and a low rate of female labor force participation
- implying large untapped pool of human resources that could be brought into effect to boost economic growth and prosperity, explains Shani.
Statistics also showed that female labor force participation
rate rose from 15.
Female labor force participation
has been increasing: The National Transformation Program (NTP) targets an increase in the female participation rate to 28 percent by 2020.
Lagarde indicated that during her visit she met with Saudi women business leaders, researchers, lawyers and activists during which they discussed "the recent progress in strengthening women's rights in Saudi Arabia as well as ways to further boost female labor force participation
5) Bowen and Finegan (1969), in their groundbreaking work, find female labor force participation
highly correlated with race (white -), the presence of young children (-), and exogenous family income (-).
Presence of children in early age groups reduces the female labor force participation
Economists and others working for the International Monetary Fund and elsewhere discuss trends in female labor force participation
rates; gender inequality around the world; the macroeconomic benefits of gender equity, with discussion of macroeconomic performance, income inequality, and diversifying the economy; studies of Japan, India, Korea, Europe, Hungary, Germany, the Gulf Cooperation Council member countries, Pakistan, sub-Saharan Africa, the countries of the West African Economic and Monetary Union, Mali, Mauritius, Chile, and Costa Rica; and tax and spending policies and equal laws and female labor force participation
to achieve greater gender equality.
Turkey's female labor force participation
rate in 1990 was 34%, in 2014 29% ( World Bank ).
The report suggests that higher female labor force participation
rates will grow Africa's GDP, but other aspects of gender inequality, among them high maternal mortality rates and the early age of marriage across much of the continent, impose additional social costs and must also be addressed.
California and New Jersey both enacted some form of paid leave legislation in the last decade; however, neither state experienced a sizeable increase in female labor force participation
It includes the surge in female labor force participation
in the second half of the 20th century, and the rapidly shifting fortunes of industries, occupations, and regions of the country.