The funds have supported the work of more than 70,000 former weapons scientists
. However, support for the center in Russia has waned.
Canada has committed to support the dismantlement of 12 nuclear-powered submarines by spending up to $120-million over four years; up to $18-million per year has been designated to redirect former weapons scientists
and engage them in collaborative research; some $90-million is committed to the Shchuch'ye chemical weapon destruction facility construction project; and $65-million will support Russia's plutonium disposition program (Department of Foreign Affairs 2005).
Department of Energy's Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention, for example, supports some 2,000 former weapons scientists
in an effort to direct their research toward new areas.
However, a Carnegie Endowment report on nuclear and missile scientists, released in April 2001, indicated that although many former weapons scientists
once hoped the economic crisis would pass, now some of them may migrate because they fear their situation will not improve.