FRAX

(redirected from Fracture Risk Assessment)
AcronymDefinition
FRAXFracture Risk Assessment (software; World Health Organization)
FRAXFragile X Syndrome
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References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, it contains links to a breast cancer risk assessment as well as an osteoporosis/bone fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX model calculator).
If you have had an eating disorder, suffered a fracture after a minor fall, reached the menopause early, have a history of missed periods, or are on a long-term course of corticosteroid drugs, ask your GP for a referral to a specialist for a fracture risk assessment. This may include a bone density (DEXA) scan to help measure your bone strength.
Your doctor will be able to recommend whether you need a bone mineral density test and/or a fracture risk assessment. Your physician can also determine whether you need to make lifestyle modifications or require medications for optimal protection against fractures," said Dr Abdulla.
The Fracture Risk Assessment (FRAX) tool calculates the 10-year risk of a major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) using clinical risk factors.
Postmenopausal women referred for osteoporosis underwent assessment for the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool score and BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck; the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) scores, Beck Depression Inventory scores, and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey scores were determined for evaluation of quality of life.
The fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX), combining BMD and clinical risk factors to provide a comprehensive osteoporotic fracture risk assessment, may serve as a general guideline for the clinical management of osteoporosis [14].
In the Introduction, FRAX is described as "the World Health Organization's fracture risk assessment tool".
Prof Shepstone's team used FRAX (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool), developed by the University of Sheffield, which predicts the probability of a fracture of the hip, spine or arm to identify older women with osteoporosis.
And it cautions that even though the World Health Organization's Fracture Risk Assessment Tool scores are widely used, there is no evidence that they accurately reflect treatment efficacy.
Similarly, while fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) can be used to predict the 10-year probability of a major osteoporotic fracture, such as spine, hip, forearm, or humorous fractures [21], many fragility fractures occur in osteopenic individuals (T-score between -1.0 and -2.5) rather than just in those with osteoporosis (T-score < -2.5) [22].
The article notes: "To partially answer this problem the current osteoporosis classification criteria drafted by the World Health Organization (WHO) are currently revised to include clinical risk factors (http://www.shef.ac.uk/FRAX/)" and "Recently, the fracture risk assessment (FRAX) algorithm has been developed by the WHO, which could assess the fracture risk of an individual even if BMD is not measured [109]." However, the World Health Organization (WHO) did not develop, test, or endorse the FRAX[R] tool or its recommendations [2].
The article notes: "As a result of the potential consequences of ADT, expert guideline recommendations advocate for assessing men prescribed ADT for osteoporosis and to estimate the baseline fracture risk using an assessment tool, such as the World Health Organization fracture risk assessment tool [6,21,32, 33]".