GGBSGround Granulated Blastfurnace Slag (cement additive)
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Concrete made with GGBS cement sets more slowly than concrete made with ordinary Portland cement, depending on the amount of GGBS in the cement mix.
65 GJ/m3 of energy consumption can be achieved by replacing PC with 50 % GGBS and a reduction of 62.
The existing literature indicates that many researchers have studied the properties of ordinary Portland cement concrete and steel fibre reinforced concrete using fly ash, silica fume, GGBS, rice husk ash, as cement replacement materials.
It argued that the tribunal lacked jurisdiction ratione materiae, first because Postova Banka's interests in GGBs were not protected investments under the Slovakia-Greece BIT and the Washington Convention and, second, because Istrokapital did not make an investment that could be protected either under the Cyprus-Greece BIT or the Washington Convention.
The hybridization ratio begin with 100% of GGBS as the control mix and subsequently replaced by using HCWA at 10% increment interval by total binder weight.
The company had organized an interactive session on the GGBS with builders, contractors and architects of Jamshedpur to introduce the product.
GGBs were first described in association with sickle cell disease by C.
As of December 31, 2011, the book value of the GGBs post-impairment amounted to EUR616m.
Fitch regards the imposition of retrospective CACs as a material adverse change in the terms and conditions of GGBs [Greek government bonds] in the context of an imminent debt exchange and confirms its assessment that the exchange will be distressed and de facto coercive on private holders of Greek bonds," the agency said in a statement, on 22 February.
The ratings of GGBs affected by the exchange, including those not tendered but restructured under CACs, which are expected to be imposed retrospectively on bonds issued under Greek law, will also be lowered to 'D' ('default') at this time.
By mid-2011, CRAs had significantly downgraded GGBs well into "junk" territory as the risk of Greece's default on those obligations grew.
to GGBs, at 53% of Tier 1, imply material impairment losses, its ability