"Taxation, government spending, and cost of health care are also weighing on the minds of directors worldwide as the most pressing social and economic issues for their countries," said GNDI
chair Angela Cherrington, who is also chief executive of the Institute of Directors in Southern Africa (IoDSA).
On the same date, GNDI
releases the survey findings around the world.
The rate of Gross Saving to GNDI
for the year 2016-17 is estimated as 29.6 percent as against 30.7 percent, estimated for 2015-16.
"PICG is the first institute from the sub-continent to have been granted the prestige of joining the GNDI
The alignment of the GNDI
with the heat summer years 1976 and 2003 reveals a threshold of >20.
Guidance from the statistics office could also be useful domestically--for example in relation to the relative usefulness of measures such as GNP, GDP, and GNDI
for different purposes in Ireland's particular circumstances.
Given the substantial volume of net current transfers from abroad, the gross national disposable income (GNDI
) is estimated to have reached LBP 68 400 billion in 2009 against LBP 57 882 billion in 2008 (+18.2%).
(20) Equations (E4) and (E5) define real household income and real government revenue respectively, while equation (E6) confirms that equations (E4) and (E5) exhaust all claims on gross national disposable income (GNDI
Gross National Income (GNI), which comprises the total value produced within a country, together with its income received from other countries remained lower than the Gross National Disposable Income (GNDI
) over the nine-year period.
Vincent & Grenadines 6.05 3.47 3.20 COUNTRY GNDI
1970s 1980s 1990s Antigua & Barbuda NA NA NA Bahamas, The NA NA NA Belize 4.80 7.76 4.09 Barbados 5.89 6.20 6.59 Dominica NA 11.90 9.54 Dominican Republic 2.97 3.29 5.78 Grenada 4.52 6.23 5.96 Guyana 17.00 9.87 11.81 Haiti 6.73 3.36 9.13 Jamaica 12.78 8.44 5.85 St.
The first issue is whether it is more relevant to use what a country produces--real GDP--or what volume of goods and services it could purchase given its earnings--real gross national disposable income (GNDI
Figure 12 shows three different measures of average living standards during the past twenty-five years: GNP, gross national disposable income (GNDI
), and consumption (all per capita).