It was suggested that GPAP may replace hand instruments as well as sonic and ultrasonic scalers for subgingival plaque biofilm removal in shallow pockets.
(6,7,9-11,17,18,22-27) Furthermore, use of GPAP has been shown to result in less gingival erosion than hand instrumentation or NaHC[O.sub.3] powders when a treatment time of 5 seconds per site was used.
(18) Pelka et al found the smallest root surface damage depths and volume losses with the use of GPAP compared to NaHC[O.sub.3] and CaC[O.sub.3].
(1) Pelka et al found that air polishing of fissure sealants generally results in substance loss, producing more surface damage with NaHC[O.sub.3] than GPAP. (6) This study used an angulation of 90 degrees, with a treatment time of 10 seconds, using the same APD for all teeth in the study.
The parties have agreed that following closing, GPAP will act as the preferred strategic provider of card merchant acquiring services for HSBC in the Asia-Pacific region.
The group had assets of almost USD2.64trn at 31 March 2012.Country: AsiaSector: Banking/Financial ServicesTarget: Global Payments Asia-Pacific Limited (GPAP)Buyer: Global Payments IncVendor: HSBC Holdings Plc, The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation LimitedDeal size in USD: 242mType: DivestmentStatus: Agreed
Green Purchasing Accredited Professional training encompasses diverse training tools and provides an efficient framework for use of green procurement standards and eco-labels, industry-specific standards and certification programs, and multiple- and single-attribute eco-labels The six modules are supplemented by case studies, and participants are required to pass a comprehensive, 56-question exam in order to be accredited and use the GPAP designation.
The first class of GPAPs includes property managers, sourcing specialists, and designers.
The types of root instrumentation included the GPAP
(test), SBAP (positive control), and the hand instrumentation (positive control).