Yet after another seven years, Karimov took Uzbekistan back into the CSTO tent in 2006 when it transpired that the US had lost interest in GUUAM
This route was opened following military maneuvers for training to defend the line by Ukrainian, Georgian, and Azeri troops, as part of the GUUAM
In the 1990s, it acceded to the GUUAM
(Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova) group, thus adding another "U" to its name.
At a meeting during the anniversary celebration for NATO in Washington, the GUUAM
countries declared their intention to "develop mutual cooperation within the framework of the Council of European-Atlantic Partnership and the NATO program of Partnership for Peace, and to strengthen their relations, with respect to `the resolution of conflicts and crises.
A November 2002 meeting between Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Marc Grossman and the foreign ministers of the GUUAM
states (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova -- a group of former Soviet republics that have banded together in part against Russia) in New York and a U.