Yet after another seven years, Karimov took Uzbekistan back into the CSTO tent in 2006 when it transpired that the US had lost interest in GUUAM
. Now, after yet another six years, Karimov has decided that Uzbekistan should step out of the CSTO tent once again.
Por su parte, tras el desmembramiento de la Union Sovietica, se han sucedido agrupaciones subregionales por parte de las republicas centroasiaticas del gigante euroasiatico, entre las que destaca GUUAM
(Georgia, Ucrania, Uzbekistan, Azerbaiyan y Moldavia)(Priego, 2003).
The Ukraine, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Moldova are members of GUUAM
, a bloc of "Western-oriented" Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) members.
* Section 516 provides authorization of appropriations during FY2001 and FY2002 for the purpose of carrying out Section 499C, FAA, Border Control Assistance, and assisting Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Moldova (or "GUUAM
countries") and Armenia to strengthen national control of their borders and to promote the independence and territorial sovereignty of such countries, to include:
Instead, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Moldova are forming a collective security force they call GUUAM
to ensure pipeline security.
To protect and promote national interests president saparmurat niyazov promoted a policy of strict neutrality in foreign affairs abstaining from getting membership of nato or gUUam
and the csto.
(25) Las politicas antirrusas de los paises de la ex URSS se iniciaron en 1997, con la formacion de un bloque regional, el GUUAM
(Georgia, Ucrania, Uzbekistan, Azerbaiyan y Moldova), encargado de gestionar la cooperacion politica-economica y de consensuar estrategias comunes frente a Rusia.
Limited systems of cooperation such as the Black Sea Economic Council and the so-called GUUAM
(a coordination mechanism among former Soviet republics Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Moldova) reflected a growing sense of common economic and political interest.
Finally, although Uzbek military prowess and GUUAM
(Georgia Ukraine Uzbekistan Azerbaijan Moldova) membership have allowed it to become the only Central Asian state without a Russian troop presence--thereby facilitating some degree of autonomy from Russia--Uzbekistan is still dependent on Russia as a security guarantor.
It occupies an important place in the Central European Initiative and in co-operation in the Black Sea region, plays a key role in the so called GUUAM
group (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova), and it takes an active part in the Black Sea Co-operation Organisation and in the Black Sea Co-operation Bank based in Salonika.The west recognises too that Ukraine has made important contributions to peace and stability, by ridding itself of nuclear weapons, by engaging in the search for a solution to the problems in Transdniestria, and by contributing to peacekeeping forces in ex-Yugoslavia.
A November 2002 meeting between Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Marc Grossman and the foreign ministers of the GUUAM
states (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova -- a group of former Soviet republics that have banded together in part against Russia) in New York and a U.S.