Where s= sign ([beta]2) = +1 or - 1 relying upon whether (32 is positive (normal GVD
) or negative (irregular GVD
) The parameter N is characterized
where [[beta].sub.2] is the fiber GVD
parameter and can be expressed as [[beta].sub.2] = -D[[lambda].sup.2]/2[pi]c.
The cDNA clones used to generate equations of standard curves for absolute quantification of Brazilian isolates of viruses infecting grapevines by RT-qPCR were previously obtained and their nucleotide sequences are available at GenBank <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>: GVA (accession code AF494187), GVD
(JQ031715), GRSPaV (EF636804) and GLRaV-3 (KC519443).
The second solution to the problem of heuristic depressions falls on spatial abstraction from original maps such as GVDs
 and clique abstraction .
For comparison, the average group index and GVD
are also shown in Figure 8(a).
where [A.sub.j] is the slowly varying amplitude (j = p, s, i), z is the propagation distance, and [[beta].sub.2j] is the GVD
systems, with partnerships with Optronics, B3, GVD
, Axis, Everfocus, Avaya,
At the General Veterinary Department (GVD
), the largest government-run animal hospital in Sana'a that is meant to receive and care for farm animals in the capital city and its surrounding areas, there isn't an animal to be found.
Most of us have been traumatized by the death of a great Lab, and the duck world lost a great one too soon when mallard man Jim Ronquest of RNT-V lost his television star black Lab, Tank, last fall to GVD
SPM leads to spectral broadening of the input pulse and simultaneously an important linear effect, which is called group velocity dispersion (GVD
), results in temporal broadening.