When Williams and Dixon (2013) reviewed studies published between 1990 and 2010 on the impact of garden-based learning
on students' academic performance, 33 out of 40 studies showed better outcomes in science, math or language arts when students participated in garden programs versus conventional classroom instruction.
(GBL) was initiated at Bartram Elementary School in 2011, with educational partners utilising the GBL infrastructure to improve and integrate instruction in core disciplines (Rye, Selmer, Pennington, Vanhorn, Fox, & Kane, 2012).
has been identified as providing real contexts that allow valuable opportunities for knowledge construction, higher order thinking, and the development of analytical and synthesis skills (Hayzlett, 2004; Miller, 2007; Subramaniam, 2002).
And at the University of Georgia scientists studying garden-based learning
found it has an "overwhelmingly positive impact on students' grades; improves their attitude toward school and bridges language and cross-cultural learning gaps."
should not be viewed as an adjunct to the primary curriculum but rather as an interdisciplinary portal through which places and subjects can be explored and woven together.' (Green, M., 2008, p.
Thanks to the broad reach of cooperative extension networks, educators and volunteers will remain in the neighborhoods to grow the garden-based learning
"If you're passionate about salads, then just grow lettuce or just grow greens," says Marcia Eames-Sheavly of the Garden-Based Learning
Program at Cornell University.
While California leads the nation in school gardening, with about 30 percent of that state's schools offering the opportunity to garden, other states are doing the same, says Rose Hayden-Smith, the chairperson of the University of California Garden-Based Learning
Further exploring a particular dimension of basic education, Chapter III, "Making Learning Relevant: Principles and Evidence from Recent Experiences" (Peter Taylor, Daniel Desmond, James Grieshop and Aarti Subramaniam), devotes specific attention to strategies linking the formal school teaching with students' life environment, including agriculture, and to garden-based learning
. The intention is to provide updated information and new insights on much-debated aspects which are often associated with rural areas although their application is much broader.
The NGA also offers a newsletter, Growing Ideas: A Journal of Garden-Based Learning
* Connect instructional school gardens and garden-based learning
activities to the curriculum.