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GenderPACGender Public Advocacy Coalition
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GenderPAC provides resources for educators, parents, and students.
"While many youth who don't fit gender stereotypes for masculinity or femininity face harassment or bullying, when it comes to gender-based murder, the victims are specific and consistent," says Riki Wilchins, GenderPAC's executive director.
Supporters say there's an "ongoing epidemic of gender-based prejudice, discrimination and violence." A recent GenderPAC survey, of 651 students currently enrolled at U.S.-based colleges and universities, found that 30 percent had been harassed or discriminated against on campus, 13 percent had been harassed for using a restroom and 25 percent had felt unsafe in campus housing--all because they didn't fit expectations of masculinity or femininity.
"Lockerroom bullying that enforces codes of masculinity on the job continues to create hostile workplaces," charges Riki Wilchins, executive director of GenderPAC. "As more male employees realize such behavior is now actionable, they are filing suit."
The Ivy League is "a weather vane," added Riki Wilchins of Washington, D.C.'s GenderPAC. 'They are seen as the elite.
Advocacy group GenderPAC lists 120 major corporations that have added gender identity and expression to their nondiscrimination policies.
Was there a culture at the school that valued sports or toughness and ostracized shy or 'nerdy' boys?" asks GenderPAC's Executive Director Riki Wilchins.
We've come a long way since 1964--the year that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act made employer discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, sex or religion a federal crime--but sexual orientation and gender identity (defined by GenderPac as one's "inner sense of being male or female") or expression (defined as "the manifestation of one's gender through clothing, behavior, grooming, etc.") have yet to be deemed worthy of protection on a national level.
The Gender Public Advocacy Coalition (GenderPAC) states that Equal Employment Opportunity Commission statistics show that the reporting of male-on-male sexual harassment in the workplace is on the rise.
But they're not limited to cases involving supervisors who pressure subordinates to have sex in order to get promotions or keep their jobs, explained Riki Wilchins, executive director of GenderPAC. "It's about the use of homophobic behavior to stigmatize any man who doesn't meet gender stereotypes for masculinity," she said.
"They really bent over backward to avoid doing anything that smacks of stone-sex marriage," said Riki Wilchins, executive director of GenderPAC.