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Any change in proportions of binders (fly ash and GGBS), molarity of NaOH solution, ratio of [Na.sub.2][SiO.sub.3]/NaOH solution, curing temperature will affect the concrete compressive strength (Rattanasak and Chindaprasirt 2009; Albitar, Mohamed Ali and Vistin, et al.
Concrete made with GGBS cement sets more slowly than concrete made with ordinary Portland cement, depending on the amount of GGBS in the cement mix.
Early age strength ofconcrete containing GGBS and PFA is less than the PC concrete, which would prevent its use in the in the post tensioned concrete and in fast-track construction, where early removal offormwork, or early application ofload to the structure are the main requirements.
The use of supplementary cementing materials like fly ash, rice husk ash, silica fume, ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), and Metakaolin are permitted to use in the concrete making as per clause 5.2 of IS: 456-2000 for long-term sustainability and durability.
The dispute involved Postova Banka's ownership of Greek Government Bonds (GGBs).
During the 2013/14 financial crisis, when Bank of Cyprus sought e1/44 bln in a depositors' bail-in to stay afloat after absorbing now-defunct Popular Laiki Bank, and when the Cyprus government rescued the Cooperative Central Bank to the tune of e1/41.5 bln, Hellenic Bank avoided support or European Central Bank funding, as it's exposure to toxic Greek government bonds (GGBs) that spelled disastrous to others, was a mere e1/4100 mln, quickly written off.
SCMs include materials such as Ground Granulated Blast Slag (GGBS) and fly ash.
However, there has been very few research performed to investigate the performance of hybrid industrial byproduct ash consisting of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) and High Calcium Wood Ash (HCWA).
The former Central Bank (CBC) governor Athanasios Orphanides who allowed the banks to carry on reckless banking practices like the excessive investments in Greek government bonds (GGBs) and the aggressive expansion in property lending, using the foreign deposits which he knew, or ought to have known, werehot moneyand should not be allowed to be used for long term lending and/or risky investments.
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