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References in periodicals archive ?
However, higher glucose infusion rates were required on the first day in the hypophosphatemia group to prevent hypoglycemia of SGA preterm infants.
(2) Glucose infusion rate (GIR) was increased by 2 mg/kg/min every 30 minutes if blood sugar continued to be below 40 mg/dL to a maximum glucose infusion rate of 14 mg/kg/min.
The initial glucose infusion rate (6 [+ or -] 0 mg/kg/min versus 4.8 [+ or -] 1.4 mg/kg/min, P < 0.001), the mean maximum glucose infusion rate (6.7 [+ or -] 1.6 mg/kg/min versus 5.6 [+ or -] 2 mg/kg/min, P = 0.03), the maximum concentration of glucose infused (13.8 [+ or -] 2.9% versus 10.9 [+ or -] 1.9%, P < 0.001), and the median total amount of glucose infused were significantly lower in the intervention group (median, IQR: 6.2 g/kg/day; 5.5 to 7.9 g/kg/day versus 5.1 g/kg/day; 4.2 to 6.2 g/kg/day, P = 0.005).
Compared with the NC group, rats in the HF group showed higher levels of body weight, fasting plasma glucose, fasting serum insulin, LDL-c, and a lower level of glucose infusion rate (Table 2).
With metformin treatment for 4 weeks, the IR of the high-fat diet induced obese rats was obviously improved, manifested as enhanced glucose infusion rate, reduced serum TG and serum insulin levels, and down-regulated mRNA expression of PEPCK, G-6-Pase (Table 2, Figure 1).
TABLE 1: Blood glucose level, glucose infusion rate (GIR), and endogenous glucose production (EGP) of RO5126766-treated db/db mice in the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp test.
Fasting endogenous glucose production ([micro]mol x [kg.sup.-1] - [min.sup.-1]) was calculated by dividing the [6, 6- [sup.2][H.sub.2]] glucose infusion rate ([micro] mol x [kg.sup.-1] x [min.sup.-1]) by the steady-state concentration ratio of [6, 6- [sup.2][H.sub.2]] glucose (99% of tracer) divided by tracee plus tracer glucose.
Researchers evaluated the effects of a combination of vitamin C (1000 mg/day) and vitamin E (400 IU/day) on insulin sensitivity in about 40 healthy young men, as measured by glucose infusion rates (GIR) over a period of four weeks.
Mean steady state plasma glucose values, glucose infusion rates and insulin values obtained during the study are shown in Fig.
Steady-state plasma glucose infusion rates during the last 30 minutes of the clamp were used for estimating insulin sensitivity (M-value) [10, 11].
At 20 minutes, glucose levels were significantly higher in the carrageenan-exposed mice (Figure 2(a)), although glucose infusion rates were identical (Figure 2(b)).
Clamp Glucose Infusion Rates. The exogenous glucose infusion rates required to maintain the glucose levels at the clamp point (6-7mmol/L) were higher (P < 0.01) in the D + E group rats than those in the D group rats (144.68 [+ or -] 11.03 versus 114.50 [+ or -] 9.40 [micro]mol/kg/min), while they were still significantly lower (P < 0.01) than those in the C group rats (144.68 [+ or -] 11.03 versus 178.71 [+ or -] 8.73 [micro]mol/kg/min).