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GSPEGrape Seed Proanthocyanidin Extract
GSPEGeorgia Society of Professional Engineers
GSPEGreat South Pacific Express (Australia)
GSPEGuide Star Position Error
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Oxygen free radical scavenging abilities of vitamins C and E, and a grape seed proanthocyanidin extract in vitro.
Beneficial effect of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract in rabbits with steroid-induced osteonecrosis via protecting against oxidative stress and apoptosis.
ACPA: Anticitrullinated peptide/antigen antibodies CIA: Collagen-induced arthritis GSPE: Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract iTregs: Induced regulatory T cells nTregs: Naturally occurring Tregs RA: Rheumatoid arthritis RF: Rheumatoid factor Th: T helper cells.
Abdel-Hamied et al., "Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract has potent antiarthritic effects on collagen-induced arthritis by modifying the T cell balance," International Immunopharmacology, vol.
The inhibition level of the superoxide anion and hydroxyl radical by 100 mg/L concentration of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract was found to be 78% and 81%, respectively.
Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) differentially regulates Foxp3(+) regulatory and 1L-17(+) pathogenic T cell in autoimmune arthritis.
Cheung et al., "Gastroprotective effects of grape seed proanthocyanidin extracts against nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drug-induced gastric injury in rats," Gut Liver, vol.
* Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract improved cardiac function through a wide variety of mechanisms in animal models of cardiac disease, including: reducing infarct size, improving ventricular function, and preventing rhythm disturbances following heart attack.
Upregulation of oxidant-induced VEGF expression in cultured keratinocytes by a grape seed proanthocyanidin extract. Free Radical Biol.
Wu et al., "Selective inhibition by grape seed proanthocyanidin extracts of cell adhesion molecule expression induced by advanced glycation end products in endothelial cells," Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, vol.