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GFLVGrapevine Fanleaf Virus
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Among them, Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) is one of the most economically important viral diseases affecting grapevine in many grape-growing regions.
Table 1: Infection Rates of Grapevine Fanleaf Virus According to Regions in the Research Area in 2002 and 2003
Grapevine fanleaf virus is one of the most severe diseases which affect adversely grape yields and fruit quality all over the world.
Table 2: Optical Densities of Positive and Negative Reactions of Nicotiana benthamiana Plants Inoculated with the Grapevine Fanleaf Virus
The specific transmission of grapevine fanleaf virus by its nematode vector Xiphinema index is solely determined by the viral coat protein.
No Brasil, dez virus foram detectados: Grapevine leafroll-associated virus (GLRaV-1, -2, -3, -5 e -6), Grapevine virus A e B (GVA e GVB), Rupestris stem pitting-associated virus (RSPaV), Grapevine fleck virus (GFkV) e Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV).
As plantas foram avaliadas quanto a presenca de 12 especies virais: Grapevine virus A (GVA), Grapevine virus B (GVB), Grapevine virus D (GVD), Grapevine fleck virus (GFkV), Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV), Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV), Rupestris stem pitting-associated virus (RSPaV), Grapevine leafroll-associated virus (GLRaV-1, -2, -3, 4) e Grapevine chrome mosaic virus (GCMV), com 17 pares de oligonucleotideos especificos, alem de tres pares de oligonucleotideos degenerados para a deteccao de virus da familia Betaflexiviridae e dos generos Closterovirus e Trichovirus/Vitivirus, os quais permitem amplificar fragmentos em diferentes regioes do genoma viral (Tabela 1).
This often resulted in disasters, such as the introduction of grape phylloxera from North America to France and the later introduction of grapevine fanleaf virus from Europe to the United States.