The parties included in the analysis of the 1999 election are the Democratic Left Party (DSP), the National Action party (MHP), the Vitue Party (VP), the Motherland Party (ANAP), the True Path Party (DYP), the Republican People's Party (CHP), and the People's Democratic Party (HAdEp
was accused of aiding the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK),a link which it denies,and prosecutors have also called for a ban on Dehap.
This followed close on the heels of a decision by the Turkish Constitutional Court to close down the People's Democracy Party (HADEP
) on the grounds it had links to the PKK [Kurdistan Workers Party].
Finally, the People's Democracy Party (HADEP
) is the current incarnation of several banned parties based in the largely Kurdish populated southeast of Turkey.
Meanwhile, the pro-Kurdish People's Democracy Party (HADEP
) Deputy Chairman Hamit Geylani says the police have detained 72 people in new operations targeting HADEP
(3) One result of this slowly changing environment has been the several incarnations of HADEP
, the political party that represents Kurdish interests.
Just before the general elections in April 1999, Turkey's top court refused to ban the People's Democratic Party (Hadep
), the only Kurdish party running in the elections.
Now their fading pictures adorn the walls of the opposition papers' newsrooms, sitting alongside posters of Che Guevara and HADEP
, the Kurdish Labour Party.
In the political arena, HADEP
(People's Democracy Party), the third legal Kurdish party to be created after the ban on the first two, captured up to 65 percent of the popular vote in Kurdish provinces, winning (in alliance with Turkish socialists)the aforementioned 4.2 percent of the national poll in December 1995.
The only remaining legal Kurdish party, the Peoples' Democratic Party (HADEP
), faced an imminent ban, and thousands of HADEP
members--including its leader and several electoral candidates--were detained prior to the elections.
Only this week we have seen 31 members of the leadership of the only legal Kurdish party in Turkey HADEP
(Democratic Party) jailed from between two to six years simply for being present at a congress which was attended by over 10,000 Kurdish people last year in Ankara.