For clamp-double MMC (CD-MMC), one submodule is equivalent to two HBSMs. Therefore, there are 75 SMs in each arm.
For hybrid MMC (HY-MMC), as mentioned above, there are 90 HBSMs and 60 FBSMs in each arm.
In order to calculate the loss of FBSMs and HBSMs, the voltage of HBSMs and FBSMs should be attained first, which is shown in the voltage diagram in Figure 17.
The loss of one arm in the hybrid MMC is shown in Figure 18, which includes 60 HBSMs and 90 FBSMs.
Caption: Figure 17: Voltage of HBSMs and FBSMs in one arm.
Caption: Figure 18: Loss of all HBSMs and FBSMs per arm in hybrid MMC.
The proximate composition of HBSM is presented in Table I.
Feeding of HBSM had no significance (P greater than 0.05) effect on the feed intake of the bird in week 1 and 2 (Table III).
The crude protein and ash content of HBSM were comparable to the values reported for maize (Ravindran et al., 1996).
The fact that feed intake of the bird were not affected in the first two weeks of the study could suggest that effect of HBSM on feed intake is cumulative.
The low weight and poor feed conversion efficiency observed in bird fed 75% and 100% MHBSM can be attributed to poor feed utilization occasion by sticky nature of HBSM, which could have increased the viscosity of digesta, preventing the proper mixing of the digestive enzymes (Ward, 1996) with the digesta.
Bigger pancreases that were observed in the birds fed 50%, 75% and 100% MHBSM can be attributed to viscous condition created by HBSM. Patridge and Wyatt (1995) attributed the bigger pancreas of the bird fed grains containing water soluble non starch polysaccharide to viscous condition of the gut content, which gave rise to feedback mechanism.