Secondly, because of the fragmented and divided nature of the political parties in the legislature, government bills can be passed easily by lobbying for support from pro-establishment parties, such as the LP, HKPA and DAB.
This politically unrepresentative phenomenon is testified by the ease with which the HKPA, DAB and LP capture seats in influential bodies, such as the ExCo, whose members are all appointed by the Chief Executive, the provisional legislature, and the Selection Committee, which chose thirty-six Hong Kong representatives to China's National People's Congress (NPC) (Table 2).
TABLE 2 Parties and the HKSAR's Influential Political Bodies 424-member 60-member 15-member Party Selection Provisional Executive Committee for Legislature Council HKPA(*) 56 (7 elected) 9 1 DAB 43 (4 elected) 10 1 LP 12 (1 elected) 10 1 ADPL 4 (none was elected 4 0 DP 0 0 0 Notes: * The HKPA members here include members of the Liberal Democratic Federation.
While the DAB must be able to prevent the liberal-oriented parties from capturing all of the twenty directly elected seats, the LegCo's functional constituency election perpetuates and legitimizes the political dominance of conservative-oriented parties - the LP and HKPA - in the legislature.
If not, social dissatisfaction would probably converge, and liberal-oriented political parties would push for further democratization in the form of an entirely directly-elected legislature and a Chief Executive selected by universal suffrage.(46) On the other hand, it can be anticipated that conservative parties such as the LP and HKPA would try to prolong the existence of functional constituency elections in the LegCo and resist any move towards universal suffrage.