HKSA

AcronymDefinition
HKSAHong Kong Student Association
HKSAHong Kong Society of Accountants
HKSAHong Kong Standards on Auditing
HKSAHong Kong Stockbrokers Association (est. 1978)
HKSAHervormde Kerk in Suidelike Afrika (Reformed Church in South Africa)
HKSAHuman Kinetics Student Association (University of Guelph and University of Ottawa; Canada)
HKSAHong Kong Society of Arts
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References in periodicals archive ?
To study the effect of staphylococcal PAMPs on expression of MHC class II molecules and costimulatory molecules, splenocytes from HLA-DR3 transgenic mice were cultured with medium alone or with HKSA ([10.sup.8] bacteria/mL), SEB (1 [micro]g/mL), or SEB + HKSA ([10.sup.8] bacteria/mL + 1 [micro]g/mL, resp.) in 24-well plates.
For serum cytokine analyses, HLA-DR3 mice were challenged with SEB (50 [micro]g), PGN (50 [micro]g), HKSA ([10.sup.8] bacteria), or SEB plus PGN or HKSA at these concentrations.
To study the modulatory role of staphylococcal PAMPs in SEB-induced mortality without D-gal sensitization, HLA-DR3 mice were challenged with SEB (50 [micro]g), PGN (50 [micro]g), HKSA ([10.sup.8] bacteria), or SEB plus PGN or HKSA.
Immediately following bacterial inoculation, mice were left untreated or injected with HKSA intraperitoneally ([10.sup.8] bacteria/mouse).
As HKSA would encompass all staphylococcal PAMPs, splenocytes from HLA-DR3 transgenic mice were cultured with HKSA or SEB or both and the abilities of these agents to modulate the cell surface expression of HLA-DR3 and CD86 on [B220.sup.+] cells (predominantly B cells), [CD11b.sup.+] cells (predominantly monocyte/macrophages), and [CD11c.sup.+] cells (predominantly DC) were determined.
We first studied the effects of HKSA on MHC class II expression on [CD11b.sup.+] splenocytes.
We next studied the effect of HKSA on the expression of HLA-DR3 and CD86 on [B220.sup.+] splenocytes.