29, 1973, President Richard Nixon signed the HMO
Act of 1973 into law.
Nearly every Medicare HMO
in California offers drug coverage, but 15 percent got top ratings.
idea's impact stemmed from its simplicity and its attack on what everybody agreed was a terrible problem: out of control health care costs.
This need can best be fulfilled through organizations such as Social HMOs
At a time when providers are being encouraged by the federal government to start up managed care organizations, HMOs
have been announcing their departure from the market.
practice of routinely demanding patient medical records from doctors is also expanding the vast audience looking at patient records.
Unfortunately, HIV-positive individuals at HMOs
still run the risk of ending up with general practitioners who haven't kept abreast of changes in HIV treatment.
TX 10 IPA Welborn Health Plans, IN 9 Staff North Central Health Protection Plan, WI 24 IPA Rockford Health Plans, IL 16 Network HealthSource Maine, ME 10 IPA Blue Plus, MN 21 IPA Physicians Health Plan, MI 14 IPA Blue Shield of California HMO
, CA 8 Group/IPA Total Tax Status Enrollment DAKOTA CARE, SD For-profit 19,819 Advantage Care, KY For-profit 21,818 Trigon Blue Cross Blue Shield, VA For-profit 21,583 United Health Care of Texas, Inc.
From 1992 to 1997, seven in 10 Americans who left traditional indemnity plans went to preferred provider plans or point-of-service plans, which are less restrictive than traditional HMOs
For Montclair, the HMO
suggested 40% of full capitation be allocated to outside specialists.
By the end of this year, the $50-billion-plus HMO
industry is expected to have 50 million enrollees.
Besides Kaiser, large HMO
chains that experienced growth in 1989 included Blue Cross/Blue Shield, the HMO
Group, United HealthCare, Humana, Foundation Health Corp.