Genetics of HOCM
is an autosomal dominant trait with variable expressivity .
Moreover, an echo led to diagnosis of HOCM
in a Cardiac Centre subsequently.
Abbreviations CIN: Contrast-Induced nephropathy CI-AKI: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury ARF: Acute renal failure CT: Computed tomography i.v.: Intravenous MDRD: Modification of diet in renal disease CKD-EPI: Chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration eGFR: Estimated glomerular filtration rate RBF: Renal blood flow GFR: Glomerular filtration rate NO: Nitric oxide [O.sub.2]: Oxygen ROS: Reactive oxygen species HOCM
: High-osmolar contrast media LOCM: Low-osmolar contrast media IOCM: Iso-osmolar contrast media CRF: Chronic renal failure ACEIs: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors ARBs: Angiotensin II receptor blockers EPO: Erythropoietin TMZ: Trimetazidine.
, using cultured smooth muscle cells obtained from rat renal artery, HOCM
and LOCM but not IOCM were found to lower NO levels.
is incurable, but new devices and surgical procedures can help preserve quality and length of life.
"That's the same thing in a way that happens with HOCM
: You get hypertrophy of the myocardium that we believe will show up with an elevated BNP, even when the patients are clinically asymptomatic or normal on physical exam," he said in an interview.
The cost debate has spilled over into the radiology community to the point where even hospitals with a total conversion to LOCM are now considering a more judicious balance in the use of HOCM
Abbreviations POTS: Postural tachycardia syndrome OCM: Obstructive cardiomyopathy without severe septal hypertrophy HOCM
: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy SAM: Systolic anterior motion LVOT: Left ventricular outflow tract.
Our patient is the 1st reported case of DKA-induced TC in a patient with known HOCM
in the United States.
The prevalence of Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM
), Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (PPCM) and Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) was found to be 2.17% each.
However, gradient can also arise as a result of narrowing of LVOT or systolic anterior motion (SAM) of mitral valve as happens in HOCM
. We present a patient who was planned to undergo aortic valve replacement surgery for severe AS, but was discovered to be suffering from HOCM
producing AS like symptoms and a structurally normal aortic valve during perioperative transesophageal echo (TOE).
This class of CM was termed high-osmolar CM (HOCM
) and was found to be associated with a considerable riskfor CIAKI [1, 32, 33].