Muller, Unifying everything: Some remarks on simpler syntax, construction grammar, minimalism and HPSG
, Lan-guage 89(4), 2013, pp.920-950.
Theoretically, the fact that the argument and adjunct distinction is not clear-cut potentially poses a challenge to theories such as LFG (Bresnan 2001; Dalrymple 2001; Falk 2001) and HPSG
(Pollard and Sag 1994; Sag, Wasow, and Bender 2003) where syntactic classes are discrete: a syntactic unit is either inside or outside the subcategorisation list.
As in GPSG, HPSG
, LFG and virtually all current formalized grammars, a lexical item LI is a matrix of [A (LI): v] pairs, where A is conceived of as a function that applies to LI and yields a unique value from a specified range which may include the empty set.
Riehemann (1998: 72), with an HPSG
background, pleads for monotonic inheritance in which "no information specified at a higher level can be overridden by more specific information lower in the hierarchy".
It is to be noticed that HPSG
, CG, and LFG make no explicit claim with respect to the mental / biological / neurological status of linguistic objects (constructions, sentences, lexical items...), and there is no, say, "HPSG
manifesto" regarding the ontological nature of the researched objects.
PADT, TUT and SDT are original dependency treebanks while BTB was converted from Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG
) format to dependency graphs in .
(21.) For a comparison between the parallel architecture model and other theories such as LFG, autolexical syntax, role and reference grammar, HPSG
, and construction grammar, see Jackendoff (2002: Sections 5.6 and 6.11).
Since, additionally, theories of grammar differ in the way they conceive of empty categories, they concluded that the priming tests provided indirect evidence in favour of theories like HPSG
or LFG (also RRG, one may guess) where control ties are dealt with by a level of structural organization equivalent to argument structure, or conceptual structure, not by syntax (Osterhout and Swinney 1993).
In Grammatical Interfaces in HPSG
, Ronnie Cann, Claire Grover, and Philip Miller (eds.), 201-214.
Strictly speaking, selection is sensitive to underspecified signs (compare "Syn-Sem objects" in Pollard and Sag's HPSG
As noted in Section 2.3.1, in accordance with the binding principle of HPSG
, the reflexive has to be bound by a preceding argument of the same verb in the argument structure.