Nevertheless, the lack of information on current strategies is not a reflection of what is happening, as many activities are under way to strengthen HRHR capacity in Africa (Table II).
HRHR is a key component of national research capacity and national health systems.
Despite this, HRHR is not being explicitly addressed by global efforts to improve the number and expertise of human resources for health in LMICs.
Health systems strengthening, currently high on the agendas of international and national partners, cannot happen without adequate HRHR.
Based on these data, Africa must develop a co-ordinated strategy to build HRHR capacity.
HRHR must be seen as integral to development, and not only as a short-term, crisis-solving tool.
24,54,66) Dedicated funding is needed for explicit capacity building initiatives for HRHR, while health research programmes should have built-in capacity building components, with a focus on developing HRHR.
13,24) Establishing indicators to measure the effectiveness of HRHR capacity building would strengthen the case for investing in such efforts.