During Randori and MIRT, no significant difference between women and men were found with respect to HRmax
(P=0.313; P=0.791) and the percentage of HRmax
according to age (% HRmax
) (P=0.063; P=0.428).
Ba: Andean forest, BAa: High Andean forest, RP: Region paramuna, Hs: Soil moisture, Ls: Soil brightness, L: Brightness, T: Temperature, HR: Relative humidity, Tmax: High temperature, Tmin: Low temperature, HRmax
: High relative humidity, HRmin: Low relative humidity.
For example, in one study with overweight women, when walking at a higher intensity (i.e., 75%-80% of HRmax
) for 20-40 minutes during a 10 week period, more weight and body fat percentage was reduced compared to this current study (Bergman & Boyungs, 1991).
The predicted HRmax
was calculated according to the following formula:
In addition to the above methodology, other common HRmax
formulae may better estimate your maximum heart rate.
Generally, HR increases linearly during incremental to maximal exercise; however, a breaking point (i.e., HR threshold) is eventually obtained after which the slope may increase or decrease until maximal heart rate (HRmax
The average heart rate was 165.78 [+ or -] 6.72 bpm (88.3 [+ or -] 30% of HRMax
) in the lean and 163.29 [+ or -] 3.97 (92.6 [+ or -] 28% of HRMax
) in the obese group (p > 0.05).
[6,7,12] However, in the present study, the nature of the protocol utilised was particularly intense (participants exercised at 65% [W.sub.max] for 105 minutes during the pre-time trial steady state ride before completing a 40 km time trial, resulting in participants exercising at 76-82% of [VO.sub.2] max and 85-90% of HRmax
) compared to a number other performance trials, in which moderate exercise intensities were employed.
(19) Exercise intensity of treadmill running was set at 70% of heart rate reserve (HRR) determined using Karvonen's formula with the resting heart rate (HRrest) and maximum heart rate (HRmax
) calculated during the V[O.sub.2]max test.
Patients in study group (A) received their antiviral treatment and practiced aerobic treadmill exercise for forty minutes , with an initial five minutes of warming up that was performed on the treadmill (Enraf Nonium, Model display panel Standard, NR 1475.801, Holland) with low work load, actual training time was thirty minutes with an intensity of 70-80% of HRmax
and finally five minutes of cooling down that was done in the form of running or walking.
Scores for percent HRR were calculated using the following formula: percent HRR = % (HRexercise--HRrest) / (HRmax--HRrest) where age-predicted HRmax
= 206.9--(0.67  age) (ACSM, 2014).
Exercise intervention was consisted of 30-minute supervised walking exercise at 60% HRmax
at an intensity equal with 40% V[O.sub.2]max 3 days per week for 2 months in an indoor track and field ground.