In addition to HTQ and LEC, a sociodemographic questionnaire was administered to obtain information on sex, age, marital status, income, highest educational attainment, and a number of social support sources.
Two analyses were conducted on the data from the three previously stated questionnaires, the first being descriptive statistics methods to summarise the sociodemographic characteristics (from sociodemographic questionnaire), number of traumatic events experienced (from LEC instrument) and severity of PTS (from HTQ instrument).
In another study of the mental health needs of South Sudanese living in post-conflict South Sudan, the HTQ was used to measure PTSD, and the Arabic and Bari language version of the HSCL-25 was used to measure depression.
The researchers interviewed 33 potential participants using the HTQ and the English version of the HSCL-25 as part of the pre-dental screening.
= [absolute value of [a.sub.rt][t.sub.p][B.sub.a] + [p.sub.3][B.sub.a] + [p.sub.4][B.sup.2.sub.a]] x [absolute value of [f.sub.dr]] (35)
The mean score on the HSCL-25, ranging from 0 = not at all to 3 = extremely, was .88 (s = .70, range .00 to 2.57) and on the HTQ
, also ranging from 0 = not at all to 3 = extremely, the mean score was 1.15 (s = 0.76, range 0 to 3).
Those households that were in the lowest quintile according to this index were defined as "most poor." Conflict-related traumatic experiences and symptoms of PTSD were assessed using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ
), a tool that has been used widely in developing country settings (Scholte et al.
A modification of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ
) has been utilized with Maya genocide survivors, including translation into local Spanish dialect and Maya (Sabin et al.
When addressing the validity of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ-Part IV), Renner, Salem, and Ottomeyer (2006) found that a cut-off of 1.75 (on the basis of the HTQ
's original Likert scale, ranging from 1 to 4) gave the best differentiation between traumatized and nontraumatized refugees and asylum seekers from Chechnya, Afghanistan, and West Africa.
Somatic complaints were measured using the 24 items on the List of Complaints (Beschwerdeliste; Turkish version by Schwab & Tercanli, 1987), and symptoms of post-traumatic stress using items 1 to 16 from Part IV of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ
, Mollica et al., 1992).