HUKBALAHAP


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AcronymDefinition
HUKBALAHAPHukbong Bayan Laban Sa Hapon (People's Anti-Japanese Army; Philippines)
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References in periodicals archive ?
He does include a glossary of acronyms, words related to the structure of the Hukbalahap, translations of the frequent Tagalog words, as well as descriptions of the local cuisine.
On the relations between the Hukbalahap and the New People's Army (NPA) led by Sison, he says:
(19) Even in the Philippines, anti-Japanese sentiments became less salient with the return of the United States and the onset of the Cold War, but also because the core of the resistance movement had been the local communists and the People's Anti-Japanese Army, the Hukbalahap, who were marginalized after World War II.
(4) To support their claims, they point to a broad historical spectrum of "small wars" in which an imaginative application of both kinetic and non-kinetic forms of airpower served as an integral component of successful strategies that permitted counter-insurgent forces to overcome unconventional adversaries, including the Greek Civil War (1943-1949), the Hukbalahap Insurgency in the Philippines (1946-1956), the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960), the Dhofar Rebellion in Oman (1970-1975), and the civil wars in El Salvador (1980-1992) and Guatemala (1963-1986).
As the column approached a fork in the trail, the marchers found their pathway blocked by a dozen well-armed guerrillas of the Hukbalahap (in Filipino, short for "the People's Army to Fight the Japanese"), under the overall command of Stalinist Luis Taruc.
This suggested Poe had been cheated as had earlier challengers to the entrenched elite order, such as the elected congressional representatives of the Democratic Alliance--closely linked to the communist-influenced Hukbalahap rebels--who were unseated in a powerplay by the allies of President Manuel Roxas in 1946.
The Hukbalahap (short for Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon, or National Armed Force against the Japanese) started as a resistance movement against the Japanese occupiers.
Almost immediately the new nation was faced with an insurrection of the Hukbalahap, the military wing of the Philippine Communist party.
In 1950, the Communist-dominated Hukbalahap (Huk) insurgency in the Philippines suffered when its Manila-based infrastructure was compromised and its files captured.
After World War II, land conflicts in Luzon increased as peasants armed themselves and joined the Hukbalahap guerrillas.
Early US counterinsurgency strategy was more about using dollars and enforcing the rule of law than deploying massive firepower, but the lessons learned in, say, the Hukbalahap rebellion in the Philippines (1946-54) were set aside by the time the US got heavily involved in Vietnam (see Gorriti (2007).
Violence, however, was not far away, first in the form of the Hukbalahap rebellion, defeated in 1953, and later in riots and revolts that led to the autocracy of the Marcos regime.