During harvest, carbon is either taken out of the forests as HWPs or retained as logging residues (Kloehn and Ciccarese 2005).
HWPs are 'carbon reservoirs'13 where carbon remains fixed until the products decay or are burned (UNFCCC 2003).
For many healthcare facilities, the amount of HWPs generated puts them in the large quantity generator (LQG) category, triggering onerous hazardous waste management requirements better suited for manufacturers.
HWPs, which will be outside of the traditional hazardous waste count at SQGs and LQGs, will be subject to management standards in an entirely new subpart in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous waste regulations--Subpart P of 40 CFR Part 266.
HWPS are associated with firms seeking competitive advantage through quality and productivity (Nolan and O'Donnell 1995), and the adoption of high-cost, high-skill employment practices (Marchington and Grugulis 2000).
There is also a body of literature that suggests that HPWS will work better in contexts where stakeholder rights are more strongly embedded; in other words, the performance outcomes from the deployment of HWPS will be better in coordinated markets than other types of capitalism (Dore 2000; Lincoln and Kalleberg 1990).
The environmental impact of HWPs is difficult to quantify because it depends on a wide variety of local parameters like distance of harvesting, wood dimension, transformation technologies, distance to the storage and construction locations, and the different end-of-life scenarios.
Not surprisingly, transporting HWPs by truck over long distances can be significantly detrimental from a carbon footprint perspective.
Table 6.-Comparison of published values of carbon stored in single family (SF) residences and harvested wood products (HWPs
) in use and those estimated by the stocks and flows model.
For harvest and wood products manufacturing-related activities (HWP
), I begin with the information that the CSP resulted in the harvest of 29,479 tons of roundwood, 87.8 percent sawlogs, and 12.2 percent smaller roundwood (G.
These guidelines allow use of several accounting approaches when reporting the contribution of harvested wood products (HWP
) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.