One of the less publicized risks is hand-arm vibration
, previously called Raynaud's Syndrome of occupational origin, a neurovascular disease associated with intense and prolonged exposures to vibration - most commonly from powered hand tools.
1983) Foreword: hand-arm vibration
and the central autonomic nervous system.
Table 4 shows that both methods of concrete casting share several environmental and organizational modifying factors with one exception regarding the hand-arm vibration
risks which are particular to the compacting of traditional concrete casting.
The terms vibration syndrome or hand-arm vibration
syndrome (HAVS) are sometimes used to refer to one or more of the effects listed in Table 1.
reported greater temporary threshold shift in hearing from acute noise and hand-arm vibration
exposure in comparison to just noise exposure in a small group of healthy subjects.
Alice Hamilton found that 80 percent of the workers in an Indiana limestone quarry were affected with hand-arm vibration
syndrome (HAVS), previously known as Reynaud's syndrome--a medical condition that can lead to permanent disability.
The majority of the research to date has focused on whole-body vibration, seated posture and hand-arm vibration
while using handtools.
Unlike hand-arm vibration
that is commonly caused by powered hand tools, whole-body vibration is found in nearly every mode of transportation.
The UK's Health and Safety Executive has launched a programme to protect workers against permanent damage due to excessive noise and hand-arm vibration
(Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome - HAVS) or whole-body vibration.
It includes controlling the risks of working in confined spaces, risks of hand-arm vibration
, falls and manual handling.
Concerning hand-arm vibration
, the main effect to their exposure is the Vibration White Finger (VWF), a disorder of the blood supply to fingers and hand which can be caused by regular use of vibrating hand-held tools.
In the mid-1980s, the first of over 1,000 cases of hand-arm vibration
syndrome in workers at the Electric Boat Corp.