He has published in scholarly forums such as Biblica, the Hebrew Union College Annual
, and Vetus Testamentum and has published what is now a standard work in the field, "The Biblical HEREM: A Window on Israel's Religion" (Brown Judaic Studies, Scholars Press: 1991).
Instead, it is more likely that the Bible forbids interest out of a sense of brotherhood, as suggested by Edwin Neufeld ("The Prohibition Against Loans at Interest in Ancient Hebrew Laws," Hebrew Union College Annual
26 : 355-112; he is referred to by Baker, 262), and Benjamin Nelson (The Idea of Usury: From Tribal Brotherhood to Universal Otherhood, 2d ed.
He notes, but does not really take to heart, the challenges to this picture of Yavneh and specifically anti-Christian activities by scholars like Shaye Cohen ("Yavneh Revisited: Pharisees, Rabbis, and the End of Jewish Sectarianism," Hebrew Union College Annual
55 : 27-53) and Reuven Kimelman ("Birkat ha Minim and the Lack of Evidence for an Anti-Christian Jewish Prayer in Late Antiquity," in Jewish and Christian Self-Definition [Philadelphia: Fortress, 1981] 2: 226-44).
These studies first appeared in such journals as Hebrew Studies, Hebrew Union College Annual
, and the Journal of Reform Judaism.