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References in periodicals archive ?
These workers reported that Ag-1 bp 55 (55KDa) is highly abundant protein mainly distributed in the inner hpodermis and extracellularly in the pseudocoelomic fluid.
The highly abundant protein Ag-1 bp55 from Ascaridia galli represents a novel type of lipid-binding proteins.
Such a quality assurance measure is not time-consuming or cost prohibitive when 1 highly abundant protein is depleted.
Depletion of the highly abundant protein albumin from human plasma using the Gradiflow.
However, some biomarkers in the blood, including DNA, RNA, and many proteins, are generally present at very low concentrations [2, 3] and are difficult to detect due to severe interference from highly abundant proteins such as hemoglobin [4, 5].
HCF proteins are composed of 44% albumin 39% a-globulin and AY-globulin and 17% -globulin (Zhao 1987) therefore if the highly abundant proteins were not removed it could interfere the detection and analysis for the low abundant proteins.
After depletion of highly abundant proteins by using proteo prep blue albumin kit, two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DGE) was carried out with each sample, using narrow range of IEF IPG gel strips (pH 4-7 range; Bio Rad).
Because of matrix effects and interference from other more highly abundant proteins, however, the limit of quantification (LOQ) and specificity of MRM assays are hindered by the large dynamic range and complex nature of direct digests (41,44).
Therefore, in proteomic studies elimination of highly abundant proteins is required to facilitate analysis, however, during elimination of the abundant proteins, such as albumin, low abundance proteins that bind albumin and that may be of interest for biomarker discovery may also be removed.
The removal of these top three highly abundant proteins "results in an enriched low-abundant protein fraction, which allows researchers to apply up to 10 times more protein mass onto the LC/MS, thus increasing the potential for discovering protein biomarkers that may have been masked or undetectable before," says Cory Szafranski, proteomics bio-reagents product manager at Agilent.
Decreasing the concentrations of highly abundant proteins (e.g., albumin, IgG, and antitrypsin) facilitates the use of contemporary proteomics technologies, such as gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, for detection and identification of low-abundant proteins.
Peptides and protein fragments from proteins catabolized by proteolytic cascades in tissues diffuse into the blood and are bound to highly abundant proteins such as albumin.
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