Highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs, over 20 carbons), including arachidonic (ARA; 20:4n-6), eicosapentaenoic (EPA; 20:5n-3), and docosahexaenoic (DHA; 22:6n-3) acids, are essential for many biological processes (Sargent et al.
Relationship between essential fatty acid requirements of aquatic animals and the capacity for bioconversion of linolemc acid to highly unsaturated fatty acids. Comp.
Highly unsaturated fatty acid synthesis in marine fish: cloning, functional characterization, and nutritional regulation of fatty acyl [DELTA]6 desaturase of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.).
Effects of diets containing vegetable oil on expression of genes involved in highly unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis in liver of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
Influence of highly unsaturated fatty acids on the responses of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) postlarvae to low salinity.
Mean (PSD) weight (g) of the pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus paulensis reared for 30 days in cages and that were originally fed either Artemia enriched with a commercial emulsion containing over 400 mg [g.sup.-1] n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (dark) or newly hatched Artemia nauplii (light) during the larviculture period.
Effects of n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acid content in Artemia on survival and development of laboratory-reared horsehair crab Erimacrus isenbeckii larvae.
Relationship between essential fatty acid requirements of aquatic animals and capacity of bioconversion of linolenic acid to highly unsaturated fatty acid. Comp.
(5) Highly unsaturated fatty acids
(C [greater than or equal to] 20), calculated (dietary total lipid %xarea %x0.892).
But a few people have such difficulty converting the raw materials of simple fatty acids into highly unsaturated fatty acids
they become seriously deficient.
Dietary Lipid Squid Liver Oil Linseed Oil Corn Oil Fatty acids 12:0 3.6 1.9 0.3 14:0 6.5 0.9 0.3 16:0 13.3 5.7 11.6 16:1n-7 9.1 18:0 1.7 2.7 3.3 18:1n-9 12.8 16.1 19.1 18:2n-6 1.4 15.6 55.3 18:3n-3 1.0 53.6 6.7 18:4n-3 3.6 20:1 n-9 8.5 20:4n-6 0.7 20:4n-3 0.8 20:5n-3 15.2 22:1n-9 4.7 22:5n-3 1.0 22:6n-3 13.7 n-3HUFA (1) 30.7 (1) Highly unsaturated fatty acids
(C [greater than or equal to] 20).
The lipid sources were cod liver oil (highly unsaturated fatty acid
rich diet, FO), sunflower oil (linoleic rich diet, SO diet), linseed oil (linolenic rich diet, LO), canola oil (monounsaturated rich diet, CO) and coconut oil (saturated rich diet, CNO) (Table 1).