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References in periodicals archive ?
Hypothalamic-pituitary function in growth hormone-deficient patients with pituitary stalk transection.
Kallmann's syndrome is a disorder inherited by autosomal recessive X-linked propagation, characterised by deficient synthesis of both hypothalamic-pituitary gonadotrophic hormones (FSH and LH) and is associated with anosmia/hyposmia owing to aphasia of the olfactory bulb.
Damage to the hypothalamus, the hypothalamic-pituitary portal system, or the posterior pituitary can produce diabetes insipidus from antidiuretic hormone (ADH) deficiency.
Growth hormone disorders occur when the production of growth hormone, secreted via the hypothalamic-pituitary axis (GHRH-GH-IGF1), is disrupted.
Surgical indications for transsphenoidal encephalocele are controversial because vital brain structures, including the hypothalamic-pituitary system and the anterior cerebral arteries, are often present in the herniated tissue.
In some situations, estrogen stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary unit (Tang et al.
Table 4 Modulation of the Immune Response by Hypothalamic-Pituitary Axis[38] CRF Stimulates IL-1 production; increased NK activity: immunosuppression TRH Increases synthesis of antibodies GHRF Inhibits NK activity; stimulates proliferation of immune cells: inhibits chemotactic response SOM Inhibits immune cell proliferation; decreased IFN-[Gamma] production ACTH Increased antibody synthesis and IFN-[Gamma] production: increased B-celt growth Endorphins Increases antibody synthesis and NK activity; mitogenic and NK activity; mitogenic GH Increases cytotoxic T-cell activity; mitogenic LH/FSH Stimulates proliferation of immune cells; increases cytokine production PRL Induces IL-2 receptors
Testosterone deficiency can result from defects in testicular production of androgens (primary testicular failure), at the hypothalamic-pituitary level (secondary failure), or from combined mechanisms.
The KiSS-1/GPR54 system: putative target for endocrine disruption of reproduction at hypothalamic-pituitary unit?
Typically, in PCOS, there is an abnormal hypothalamic-pituitary function characterized by elevated LH.
Testosterone circulates in the blood back to the hypothalamic-pituitary unit and regulates the further production and secretion of LHRH and LH (see figure 1).
Abnormal hypothalamic-pituitary function in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.
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