With the creation of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI's) Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS
) in 1999, (83) the legacy Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and the FBI decided to integrate the IDENT and IAFIS
databases to better identify criminal aliens.
173) While IAFIS
, the national database that maintains fingerprints of criminals, includes detailed information such as mug shots, tattoos, and criminal histories, CODIS contains no personal identifiers.
replaced the old ink-and-card system with a new, immediate
The main problem is that IAFIS
is geared toward ten-print fingerprints, which are typically taken during background checks or when suspects are booked, with tools ranging from ink to live scan technology.
Now, prints sent to ABIS are sifted through IAFIS
, where they are screened and compared to the FBI's most-wanted terrorists lists.
The LPDIS has broadened the Laboratory's ability to identify previously unusable latent prints and has increased the ability to conduct searches of the IAFIS
databases, which include the prints of more than 60 million individuals.
Table 1: Position of the True Mate on an IAFIS
Candidate List (Data from IAFIS
Searches Conducted at the FBI Laboratory Through October 2004) Position Number of Percent of Identifications Identifications 1 973 82.
processing of criminal fingerprints is important to local and state law enforcement not only for updating national databases but also for obtaining an individual's criminal history and, at times, for obtaining positive identification of arrestees.
Therefore, two fingerprints were extracted from the IAFIS
database records and added to DENT, along with an indication that a warrant was outstanding.
The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (LAFIS) initiative of the FBI promises radical improvement in the processing of fingerprints Under the IAFIS
concept of operations, booking agencies electronically submit fingerprints of arrest subjects to the appropriate state identification bureau (SIB).
also named Bill Bock (vice president and general manager, Interbake Dairy Ingredients) as chairman of its foundation.
The Capital Equipment & Supplies Study (CESS) is free to IAFIS
members who purchase one of the publications in the Processor Directory Series.