The third period of the IAHRS began around 1996 with the system's response to pressure from the transnational civil society to shift focus from the "promotion" of human rights and the establishment of the rule of law in emerging democracies to the "protection" of the rights of individuals and groups within these newly established democracies.
Since the early 2000s, largely due to the newly established procedural rules, the IAHRS has received more cases per year and in an array of subject matters more diverse than in prior decades.
Cancado Trindade recently reiterated his strong opposition to the potential adoption by the IAHRS of the "margin of appreciation" doctrine, a well-established doctrine in European human rights law.
It is possible to articulate a principle of subsidiarity for use in the IAHRS.
As previously explained, most scholars believe that the margin-of-appreciation doctrine is almost entirely foreign to the IAHRS.
First, the IAHRS has made use of the margin-of-appreciation doctrine in discussions concerning political participation, particularly the kind described in Article 23 of the American Convention.
In recent years, the IAHRS has fallen under scrutiny and criticism.
It is important that member states see the IAHRS as an opportunity, rather than as a threat.
In the specific context of the IAHRS, subsidiarity is not a salient feature.