IASPSInstitute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies
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There are only three IASPs in Singapore: Singnet, Pacific Internet, and Cyberway.(81) Under the Class Licence Scheme, these providers are required to prevent access to and remove those Web sites or Web pages that have been blacklisted by the SBA.(82) Additionally, the providers may only subscribe to newsgroups that have met the SBA's content approval and must remove newsgroups or particular articles that have been found to contain undesirable content.(83) Internet access service providers must establish use policies that have been preapproved by the SBA and must maintain records of their attempts to locate and block sites containing undesirable content.(84) Finally, IASPs must help the SBA locate users who, despite the regulation, have gained access to blacklisted sites.(85)
The category of Localised Resellers includes schools, libraries, cybercafes, and all community centers that provide public access to the Internet.(86) These organizations, along with all Nonlocalised Resellers, are required to obtain Internet access through their provider's proxy server, which blocks access to sites containing objectionable materials.(87) Resellers also must remove Web sites, newsgroups, and articles that have been deemed undesirable by the SBA.(88) However, Resellers are limited to providing access to only those newsgroups that have been preapproved and supplied by the IASPs.(89) Resellers must also assist the SBA in investigations of alleged violations by users, as well as the Reseller's own organization.(90)
(72.) The Class Licence defines ISPs as any of the following: an Internet Access Service Provider (IASP)--which includes Singnet, Pacific Internet, and Cyberway, the only three IASPs to be licensed (and therefore allowed to operate) by the Singapore government.