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The IBHR 2013 already provided a wealth index, which has been converted into wealth quintiles, as a proxy for household affluence .
This figure is considerably low as the IBHR only collected information on injuries that were severe enough to interfere with the daily activities of the respondent.
Moreover, owing to the nature of such lengthy retrospective assessment of outcomes, and the cross-sectional form of the IBHR 2013, there may be some problems with reverse causation between the independent variables and injury outcomes which limit the examination of causal relationships between these variables.
The authors would like to thank the Data Management Laboratory of the NIHRD for providing the IBHR 2013 data sets upon purchase.
Source is authors' calculation of the IBHR 2013 data.
While this is certainly part of the contentious history of the IBHR, it is not the entire story.
Having explored the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' (UDHR) text, history, and framework within the International Bill of Human Rights (IBHR), it is now possible to explore why religious law cannot co-exist with international human rights law.
First, by denying individuals the ability to worship according to the dictates of their own conscience, theocracies deny individuals of their right to religious freedom as guaranteed under the IBHR. (113) Second, as demonstrated by the OIC's refusal to allow the Brazilian Resolution to come to a vote, theocracies often deny groups or individuals of basic human rights under the guise of religious doctrine.
By denying individuals the ability to worship according to the dictates of their own conscience, theocracies subject religious minorities to state persecution and deny individuals of the IBHR's religious-freedom guarantees.
Such a result is untenable given the IBHR's clear intent to prevent state discrimination based upon religion.
Unless the state allows a person to both freely choose and fully practice their right to religious freedom, that state denies its citizens of the IBHR's religious-freedom guarantees.
Certainly, however, one could argue that the IBHR's goal is only to prevent states from discriminating against individuals because of their chosen religion, rather than preventing states from instituting religious law.
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