To compose the ICBP silages, the inner bark was processed immediately after agro-processing of the ICBP in a tractor-type silage harvester, with cut-size set to 1 cm, and homogenized with different solid ingredients (broken maize and rice, cassava scrapings, and coffee husk) and commercial inoculant.
Animals were fed with diets based on dry matter (DM) containing 65% roughage (ICBP silage + additives or sugarcane silage) and 35% concentrate, with the same formulation being used for all treatments (Table 1).
Diets composed of ICBP silages displayed nutritive values similar to the SC diet (Table 1).
Diets of ICBP and SC silages had similar intakes of DM, OM, CP, EE, and NFC (Table 2).
The ICBP silage diets, with additives rich in NFC and high ruminal degradability, presented greater NDF digestibility (Table 2) than the SC diet.
Except for coffee husk, the low fiber content of the additives tested reduced components of the cell wall in ICBP silages, leading to significant NFC digestibility for BM, BR, and CS diets.
Diets based on ICBP presented similar TDN digestibility.
However, Brian Leggett, 74, a director of the ICBP, said of the 34 member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Britain is the only one that freezes overseas pensions.
But the ICBP argues overseas retirees save the country's economy PS3bn a year because they don't use public service.