There was much criticism of the ICIDH by people with disabilities, advocates and disability studies scholars.
In 2001, WHO (2001; AIHW 2002) endorsed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to replace the ICIDH.
ICIDH uses negative terms like "disability" and "handicap"
ICIDH does not include personal and environmental factors
One of the primary goals of the revision was to provide a classification system with a neutral conception of "components of health" instead of "consequences of a disease" that were often characterized through negative terminology in the ICIDH
(World Health Organization, 2001).
To meet this need, WHO (1980) issued a tool for the classification of the consequences of disease, namely the ICIDH
Soon after its publication, ICIDH
was criticized for its perpetuation of medical-based notions of functioning, and for ignoring other factors that are important in understanding and describing the process of handicap, namely social and environmental factors.
The ICF is more neutral than the ICIDH
and focuses on human functioning rather than disability alone.