The worms feed on organic waste material such as potato, oranges and mango peels as well as tomatoes, eliminating the cost of buying food."I collect organic trash from hotels and juice producers with whom I have an arrangement where I provide them bins for separating the organic from non-organic matter," says Huijbers, who started the venture with Sh80,000 on a quarter-acre after buying the flies from Icipe
(4) International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE
), ILRI Campus, PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Saxena, "Evaluation of neem products for the control of the African ticks Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, Amblyomma variegatum, and Boophilus decoloratus," ICIPE
Annual Scientific Report, vol.
gambiae were uniformly very low over a period of 3 years from September 2008 to September 2011, coinciding with up-scaling of vector control interventions and mobilization of communities in Malindi through a partnership, PUMMA [Punguza Mbu na Malaria Malindi (Eliminate Mosquitoes and Malaria from Malindi)], which included several community-based groups in Malindi, the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE
), Biovision Foundation, and Kenya's MoH, among others (ICIPE
Africa and the Arab States: Doctor Segenet Kelemu, Biology & Plant Pathology, Director General, International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE
), Nairobi, Kenya.
The ticks used (the brown ear tick, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann, 1901) were obtained from the colonies at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and bred in the insectary at ICIPE
, Nairobi, Kenya.
The authors acknowledge the AVID consortium member institutions (icipe
, DVS, KARI, KWS, ILRI, and KEMRI) through their directors who were members of the Project Management Committee for supporting the larger AVID project through the participation of their staff and the DVS staff in Naivasha, Ijara, and Marigat (Dr.
The authors are grateful to the entire members of the Noctuid Stem Borer Biodiversity (NSBB) team of the African Insect Science for Food and Health (icipe
), the Institut de Recherche pour le Developpment (IRD), and University of Dar es salaam, through the Department of Mathematics for their support.
 Division of Vector Borne and Neglected Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Health, Nairobi; 2Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Centre for Geographic Medicine Research - Coast, Kilifi; 3Malaria Public Health Department, KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Program, Nairobi;  Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA;  Department of Pathology, Kenyatta University, Nairobi;  Department of Biological Sciences, Kenyatta University, Nairobi;  International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE
), Nairobi, Kenya;  Global Public Health Program, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, and the Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy, Miami, FL, USA.
Juliana Jaramillo, a scientist at Kenya's International Center of Insect Physiology and Ecology, ICIPE
, said "the negative effects of climate change are already evident for many of the 25 million coffee farmers" in the $90 billion U.S.
But scientists from Wageningen University in the Netherlands, the University of Nairobi in Kenya and the Kenya-based International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE
) wanted to see if they could produce a cheaper, household version.