As part of their early activism, ICSOM members demanded that all open positions in union orchestras must be publicly advertised, and could not be filled at the sole discretion of the conductor.
Meanwhile, female players gradually infiltrated the ranks of major orchestras, helped greatly by the continuing work of ICSOM and the proliferation of blind auditions.
(27) Tom Hall, "ICSOM: A Review," and "Issues," www.icsom.org, accessed 7 July 2003.
(2.) Martin Fishbein, et al., "Medical Problems among ICSOM
Musicians: Overview of a National Survey," Medical Problems of Performing Artists 3, no.
* was a member [at some point in time] of an ICSOM [major] orchestra (40)
The following are representative comments from the group of ICSOM orchestra performers.
In 1987, Martin Fishbein, along with other authors, published the now famous ICSOM
(International Conference of Symphony and Opera Musicians) study, which surveyed forty-seven U.S.
In 1962, symphony musicians from several locals founded the International Conference of Symphony and Opera Musicians (ICSOM).
In 1984, the Code of Ethical Practices for National and International Auditions was unanimously approved by the AFM, ICSOM delegates, and the Major Orchestra Managers Conference.
Middlestadt, Victor Ottati, Susan Straus, Alan Ellis, "Medical Problems among ICSOM
Musicians: Overview of a National Survey" Medical Problems of Performing Artists 3, no.
I am especially impressed by the range of sources cited--lots of International Conference of Symphony and Opera Musicians (ICSOM
) statistics backed by a various medical and musical resources that lend depth and credibility to the descriptions and suggestions.