Nevertheless, Chapter 2 will be a useful resource for teachers seeking more critical approaches to ICT4D
, while Chapter 3 offers a more technical analysis for economic geographers.
This article is structured as follows: The next section introduces the concept of inclusive capitalism, highlighting the convergence of market, state, and civil society actors from the ICT4D
As we move forward, our focus will be on helping implementing organizations meet the objectives of the Principles improved impact for ICT4D
in practical, adaptable ways.
The opening session included speeches from ICT4D
UNESCO Chair Prof.
The opening session included speeches from Professor Tim Unwin, UNESCO Chair in ICT4D
, Azmat Ali Ranjha, Secretary IT, and Dr.
For instance programme of ICT4D
(Information and Communication Technology for Development) faces issue of poor infrastructure, low illiteracy and poor health in implementing the ICT-based development projects in disadvantaged regions like Africa (For more details see Heeks, 2002).
Just as ICT4D
specialists are acknowledging the limits and negative impacts of ICT, the popular press are also hedging their optimism about technology in development.
Discussing what theories can be used in ICT4D
(ICT for development) research, Heeks (2007) proposes a continuum of frameworks of knowledge used in development information technology research to categorize different ways of theorizing, making the following distinction: theory-based work makes clear use of an identified theory, either applying or testing that theory; framework-based work makes use of a framework that explicitly derives from a body of theoretical work.
Whereas the value of ICT4D
for improving access to information is recognised, its effect on traditional cultures in certain societies, both financially and culturally, should be taken into consideration.
They cover public access to information and communication technologies and telecenters, cultural and social matters, mixed media and localization, managing ICT4D
, and informed planning and cooperation.
The conference had several interesting sessions on investor-entrepreneur dynamics, rural supply chains, and ICT4D
Some non-governmental groups, including NGOs and women's business groups, have incorporated the use of ICT4D
through collaboration with mainstream institutions and government.