The ICWP adopted a collective structure that "placed a priority on nonhierarchical democratic values" that prompted them to create "a system of job rotation that they adhered to strictly during the early years.
Driven by a feminist passion to share skills and resources as a way to spread the feminist revolution, the ICWP wanted to help women get their words and ideas into print.
By June 1973 the ICWP had an impressive amount of equipment, including "a 10 yr.
newspaper collective used the presses of the ICWP to print the last two issues of the newspaper, a small booklet titled Academic Feminists and the Women's Movement (1973; labeled volume 4, issue 1) and the collection of poetry Because Mourning Sickness Is a Staple in My Country (1973).
In the late 1970s and early 1980s the ICWP expanded from a local and regional press to serve a national feminist and increasingly lesbian-feminist community.
The ICWP relied "on old and inefficient equipment" to do its work and struggled with credibility "when women are unable to recognize the dilemma we are in.
These comments addressed a national community of feminists, asking them to provide concrete support to the ICWP by using it as a printer, demonstrating how the ICWP used feminist ideologies as a way to build a national base of customers.
These questions indicate some of the business strategies that ICWP considered and some of the consciousness-raising tools that the ICWP mobilized to educate existing and potential customers.
On behalf of the ICWP Barb and Joan made linkages between materialist and cultural analyses within feminism, demonstrating how these theoretical and political positions intertwined and overlapped in the daily lives of feminists in the 1980s.
The ICWP did survive throughout 1982, 1983, 1984, and most of 1985.
Campbell describes multiple issues at the ICWP resulting in its closure.
The closure of the ICWP, followed in January 1987 by the closure of the San Francisco Women's Press, did mark the end of an era: not the end of feminism or the end of feminist publishers, but the end of an experiment in building an alternative lesbian-feminist economy.