Table 1: Table illustrate all numerical data and its percentage in the current study Total DM (%) HTN (%) Types of Types of cases (5325) hypertension (%) DM (%) DM+HTN 388 55.15 44.85 CH-HTN (25.3) GDM (87.9) Others 4937 PI-HTN (74.7) IDDM
(12.1) GDM: Gestational diabetes mellitus, DM: Diabetes mellitus, HTN: Hypertension, IDDM
: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
The aim of this study was to investigate the various disease-specific and health-related psychosocial concepts of HRQOL among IDDM
patients, especially on social support, diabetes-related psychosocial factors, and self-care behavior and practices to understand the gender differences in HRQOL among IDDM
Chaturvedi et al., "Autonomic neuropathy is associated with increased cardiovascular risk factors: the EURODIAB IDDM
complications study," Diabetic Medicine, vol.
is an autoimmune disease caused by a mistaken response of the immune system to the pancreatic cells: they are considered harmful by the immune system which will attack them .
PHID is mainly characterized by presence of IDDM
and lack of sensorineural hearing loss.
Amiel, "Lack of preservation of higher brain function during hypoglycaemia in patients with intensively-treated IDDM
," Diabetologia, vol.
Elevated serum glucose level was observed in diabetes mellitus, which is either by the lack of insulin, called type I diabetes (or IDDM
), or by the development of resistance against insulin, called type II diabetes (NIDDM) (Arulmozhi et al., 2004).
(5) Treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM
) is designed to maintain near-normal blood glucose levels.
EUCLID Randomized Controlled Trial of Lisinopril in IDDM
demonstrated dependence of intensity of lisinopril antriproteinuric effect on ACE gene I/D polymorphism.
Serum sialic acid, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is increased in IDDM
patients with microalbuminuria and clinical proteinurua.
We excluded patients under 8 years of age, long standing diabetics with proteinuria ( greater than 7 years of IDDM
and greater than 5 years for NIDDM), bilateral small echogenic or scarred kidneys (Kidney size less than 8 cm), adult polycystic kidney disease diagnosed on ultrasound and coagulation abnormality (Patient prothrombin time greater than 3sec than that of control).
Current evidence suggests that dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers exert a renoprotective effect in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM
) patients with overt nephropathy .