In the concluding year of the IDNDR
, the Geneva Program Forum identified the need of the International Strategy of Disaster Reduction (ISDR), which was established in the year 2000, to undertake coordinating tasks for disaster reduction.
In her own research on the Charter, Joanne Gabrynowicz observed that the Charter members "[constitute a few small groups of dedicated, motivated, specific, individual, lower-level government employees and decision makers who believe in and are committed to the Charter and its purposes." (73) Early on, similar groups emerged in organizations like NASA, the WMO, and the IDNDR
, and worked alongside rational actors to promote, institutionalize, and codify their values at domestic and international levels.
Even more dramatic events have occurred in this country and throughout the world in the decade following the IDNDR
. The September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States represented the worst terrorist events ever experienced on American soil.
(18) Despite this anomaly, in the short term it seems reasonable to suppose that the UN International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR
, 1990-2000) went some way towards achieving its aims by holding the line on disaster mortality.
Ishihara, K., (1992), "Mitigative Measures Against Ground Damage During Earthquakes", Proceeding IDNDR
International Symposium on Earthquake Disaster Reduction Technology, Building Research Institute, Ministry of Construction, Tsukuba, Japan.
Informal Settlements, Environmental Degradation, and Disaster Vulnerability: The Turkey Case Study, The International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR
) and the World Bank, Washington.
As part of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction activities, the IDNDR
's secretariat initiated the RADIUS (Risk Assessment Tools for Diagnosis of Urban Areas Against Seismic Disaster) Project, seeking means of mitigating the worst consequences of earthquakes.
They also fall within the Canadian Framework for the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR
As we draw towards the end of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR
), much remains to be accomplished if the numbers of volcanic disasters are not to rise in the early decades of the next millennium.
Because the incidence of natural disasters increased throughout the world in the 1980s, the United Nations declared the 1990s the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR
).Global losses had increased three times from the early 1960s to the late 1980s and insured losses increased nearly five times over the same period.