The experience of implementing the IDSAS provides lessons for future surveillance projects in lower-resource settings.
Additional statistical alerts generated by analysis could be evaluated because part of the objective of the IDSAS is to establish the baseline caseload in areas under surveillance.
Technical barriers were a major challenge during implementation of the IDSAS (Table 3).
Although data plans are an ongoing cost, the size of files generated by the IDSAS is typically <1 kilobyte.
Political support has been the most important factor in the successful implementation and operation of the IDSAS. Animal health reporting standards set by the World Animal Health Organization require member countries to report on a group of animal diseases.
During the design and early implementation of the IDSAS, concerns around privacy and data security were addressed promptly as they arose.
The IDSAS was developed on the premise that monitoring animal health can provide information for early warning of emerging infectious diseases and changing disease patterns.
Uptake of the IDSAS over its initial 9 months of operation resulted in data generation for [approximately or equal to] 4,000 interactions between field veterinarians and reports on the animal population.
One of the barriers to implementation of the IDSAS in its current form is the cost of hardware and the need for a server administrator.
At this time, the DAPH has decided to incorporate the IDSAS into its ongoing disease surveillance efforts, and the system is being run on 2 parallel servers, 1 at the DAPH and the original server that hosts the IDSAS.
Beyond data obtained by the IDSAS, this research demonstrates that through developing social capital and technologic capacity, novel surveillance methods can be implemented that are feasible and acceptable in lower-resource settings.
The data obtained from the IDSAS offers DAPH stakeholders and field veterinarians a new perspective on disease within the animal population and creates new opportunities for dialogue and mutual understanding.